Technology facilitates legal and illicit transactions alike. Advances in payments technologies and cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, Monero, and Zcash allow criminal enterprises to dissect, route, and reaggregate small transactions to evade detection by regulatory and enforcement agencies. This is particularly true with international transactions where, for example, the exchange from cryptocurrency to fiat currency takes place outside U.S. financial supervision.

To address these challenges, the Federal Reserve Board and the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN and together, Agencies) issued a joint notice of proposed rulemaking (Proposed Rule) on October 23, 2020, to amend the Recordkeeping Rule and Travel Rule under the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA) and to define “money” as it applies to both rules. Specifically, the Proposed Rule:

  1. Lowers the threshold for collecting, retaining, and transmitting information on international funds transfers and transmittals of funds from $3,000 to $250. The threshold for domestic transactions would remain unchanged at $3,000; and
  2. Defines money to extend the Recordkeeping Rule and Travel Rule to digital assets used for legal tender and convertible virtual currency (CVC).

Written comments on this proposed rule are due November 27, 2020.


Continue Reading BSA Alchemy: While Lowering the Recordkeeping and Travel Threshold, FinCEN and the Fed Turn Virtual Currency into Real Money

The Subcommittee on Capital Markets, Securities, and Investment held a hearing, “Examining Cryptocurrencies and ICO Markets,” this past Wednesday, March 14, 2018.

The stated goal of the hearing was to achieve greater regulatory clarity in the cryptocurrency and ICO markets, especially as these markets continue to grow and attract attention from investors and enterprises in pursuit of capital. Members of the subcommittee indicated that achieving this regulatory clarity would be critical to ensuring that investors are protected without unduly stifling innovation.


Continue Reading House Subcommittee on Capital Markets, Securities, and Investment Holds Hearing Examining Cryptocurrencies and ICOs